Druk Dynamic Information Framework (DrukDIF)

Environmental resources of the Kingdom of Bhutan.

     The Kingdom of Bhutan is a landlocked country of ~40,000 km2 in the Hindu Kush-Himalayan region of South Asia, at the eastern end of the Himalayas. The landscape ranges from subtropical plains in the south to the sub-alpine Himalayan heights in the north, where some peaks exceed 7,000 m. With abundant rainfall and steep topography, hydroelectricity represents 96% of the country's electricity generating capacity and 99.9% of its electricity generation. About 87% of the electricity generated within Bhutan is exported to India, generating over half of the country's income. Assessment of this crucial resource is vital for its proper usage and management especially in the light of potential changes in land use and climate.  Sustainable land management includes biodiversity at landscape levels, requiring an adequate knowledge of the distribution of key elements of the biota and their environmental determinants.

      The Sustainable Land Management Project (SLMP) was a GEF-funded project executed by Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) of the Royal Government of Bhutan. It aimed at realizing global and national environmental benefits from introducing cross ­sectorial land management planning and implementation in selected pilot sites and at bringing lessons learnt up to policy level for amendments of both planning procedures and regulatory framework. A key goal included the strengthening of institutional and community capacity to anticipate and manage land degradation in Bhutan.

   To support the SLMP objectives, a Druk (national symbol of "Thunder Dragon") Dynamic Information Framework (DrukDIF) was develop to facilitate the development of climate change and land cover-land use change scenarios to provide responses to resource questions. The intent was to  provide quantitative and geospatial baselines for land cover (vegetation structure, plant-based biodiversity and functional types), land use, land quality (soils, topography), and hydrology (stream flow network, flows,  hydrology models) for the project geogs (districts).

      Click here to explore DrukDIF.