Water and energy resources of Central Asia from transparent information
Sea basin is a land-locked area of 1.55 million km2 of Central
Asia, covering the territory of
Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, a major part of Turkmenistan, part of Kyrgyzstan, the southern
part of Kazakhstan and northern part of Afghanistan. Its climate is continental
and precipitation low and irregular. The
Amu Darya is the largest river in Central Asia, while the Syr Darya is the
second largest river in the basin and is the longest. There has been a
significant change in land use and population in the Aral Sea basin since the
1960s. As a result of the policy for irrigation expansion in the 1960's, the
contributing rivers to the Aral Sea, the Syr Darya and Amu Darya were diverted
for irrigation, driving large decreases in the area and volume of the Aral Sea.
Further pressures are likely to be brought by climate change.
Use of water for irrigation conflicts with the development and use
for hydropower. Energy and water linkages are
inextricable from regional stability and growth. The World Bank's Central Asia
Energy Water Development Program (CAEWDP) seeks to build regional energy and
water security through enhanced regional cooperation. CAEWDP is providing the
initial steps in a long-term program to build regional energy and water
security through promoting a transparent approach for regional decision-making.
As part of the CAEWDP process is to
provide transparent information on water resources, the Aral Dynamic
Information Framework (AralDIF) project has been working to develop a
first-generation model, from publically available time series data and model
platforms, that would visualize and simulate water and energy linkages in Amu
Darya and Syr Darya river systems. The objective is to build a decision support
- Develops better understanding of the energy and water
- Provokes a dialogue and discussion with regional and
national technical stakeholders.
Click here to explore AralDIF