Aral Sea Basin Dynamic Information Framework (AralDIF)

Water and energy resources of Central Asia from transparent information

     The Aral Sea basin is a land-locked area of 1.55 million km2 of Central Asia,  covering the territory of Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, a major part of Turkmenistan, part of Kyrgyzstan, the southern part of Kazakhstan and northern part of Afghanistan. Its climate is continental and precipitation low and irregular.  The Amu Darya is the largest river in Central Asia, while the Syr Darya is the second largest river in the basin and is the longest. There has been a significant change in land use and population in the Aral Sea basin since the 1960s. As a result of the policy for irrigation expansion in the 1960's, the two main contributing rivers to the Aral Sea, the Syr Darya and Amu Darya were diverted for irrigation, driving large decreases in the area and volume of the Aral Sea. Further pressures are likely to be brought by climate change.

     Use of water for irrigation conflicts with the development and use for hydropower. Energy and water linkages are inextricable from regional stability and growth. The World Bank's Central Asia Energy Water Development Program (CAEWDP) seeks to build regional energy and water security through enhanced regional cooperation. CAEWDP is providing the initial steps in a long-term program to build regional energy and water security through promoting a transparent approach for regional decision-making.

      As part of the CAEWDP process is to provide transparent information on water resources, the Aral Dynamic Information Framework (AralDIF) project has been working to develop a first-generation model, from publically available time series data and model platforms, that would visualize and simulate water and energy linkages in Amu Darya and Syr Darya river systems. The objective is to build a decision support system that

  • Develops better understanding of the energy and water resources linkages
  • Provokes a dialogue and discussion with regional and national technical stakeholders.

     Click here to explore AralDIF